Characteristics of rubber raw materials and basic knowledge of classification
I. Main characteristics of rubber raw materials.
Have good flexibility, changeability, strength and tear strength is good, with good impermeability, impermeability, acid and alkali resistance and insulation.
Ⅱ. the classification of rubber materials: divided into natural rubber and synthetic rubber.
1、Natural rubber (NR)
The raw material of natural rubber comes from the rubber plant tree. Its advantages are: good elasticity, high strength, good insulation, small deformation, easy processing. Its disadvantages are: it is not oil resistant, poor temperature resistance, easy to age, and is generally used in combination. It is generally used to produce automobile tyres and some shock-absorbing and wear-resistant rubber parts.
Uses: Manufacture of heat-resistant transport belts, steam hoses, chemical-resistant seals, shock-absorbing pads and waterproof materials and automotive leather bowls and rings.
(2) Nitrile rubber (NBR)
Advantages: excellent oil resistance, but also has good heat resistance, ageing resistance, wear resistance, corrosion resistance and other properties.
Disadvantages: cold resistance, acid resistance, electrical insulation and other properties are poor, and resistance to tear strength is poor.
Uses: Mainly used in the manufacture of oil seals, shaft seals and gaskets (O-rings) and other products, but also used in the manufacture of oil-resistant hoses, transport belts, rubber rollers, vacuum hoses, shock-absorbing products and textile accessories.
(3) Styrene butadiene rubber (SBR)
Advantages: heat resistance, ageing resistance and wear resistance are good.
Disadvantages: cold resistance, elasticity, flexural disturbance, cracking, tear resistance and other performance is poor, and processing performance is poor plasticity change is small, calendering press out deformation, poor self-adhesion.
Uses: mainly used for pneumatic tyres, followed by rubber shoes, hoses, tapes, rubber rollers, rubber cloth and model products, hoover seals, such as suction mouth seals, etc.
(4) Neoprene (CR)
Advantages: flexural disturbance resistance, heat resistance, ageing resistance, acid and alkali resistance, and good elasticity, good airtightness. Has cold resistance and water resistance.
Disadvantages: poor storage stability, easy to crystallise, poor electrical insulation.
Uses: Mainly used for the production of rubber parts in home appliances and air conditioners.
(5) Butadiene rubber or polybutadiene rubber (BR)
Advantages: elasticity, low temperature resistance, wear resistance is good.
Uses: mainly used in the manufacture of tyres, rubber materials can also be used to manufacture wear-resistant products (such as rubber shoes, rubber rollers), cold-resistant products and anti-vibration products.
(6) Butyl rubber (IIR)
Advantages: the most important feature is good airtightness, weather aging, light aging, chemical resistance are excellent, and high temperature, cold resistance is better, long-term working temperature can be below 130 ℃; absorb shock or vibration absorption effect is better, electrical insulation is better.
Disadvantages: less elastic than natural rubber, slower curing speed, processing performance, poor adhesion.
Uses: Most suitable for inflatable inner tubes, followed by underground cables, high-voltage cables, radiation-proof gloves, chemical equipment lining and shock-proof rubber raw material products, etc.